тавтай морилно уу
Mongolia, historically Outer Mongolia (different than Inner Mongolia which locates within China) country located in north-central Asia. It is roughly oval in shape, measuring 1,486 miles (2,392 km) from west to east and, at its maximum, 782 miles (1,259 km) from north to south. Mongolia’s land area is roughly equivalent to that of the countries of western and central Europe, and it lies in a similar latitude range. The national capital, Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian: Ulan Bator) is in the north-central part of the country.
Landlocked Mongolia is located between Russia to the north and China to the south, deep within the interior of eastern Asia far from any ocean. The country has a marked continental climate, with long cold winters and short cool-to-hot summers. Its remarkable variety of scenery consists largely of upland steppes, semideserts, and deserts, although in the west and north forested high mountain ranges alternate with lake-dotted basins. Mongolia is largely a plateau, with an average elevation of about 5,180 feet (1,580 metres) above sea level. The highest peaks are in the Mongolian Altai Mountains (Mongol Altain Nuruu) in the southwest, a branch of the Altai Mountains system.
Setting up the Ger (Yurt)
Ger one of the Mongolian greatest heritage from our ancestors, has long history tracing from earlier centuries. In this period, obviously Mongolians ger structure gets changed, developed and it is keeping its own features today.
A Ger (also known as yurt) is the most suitable dwelling in extreme weather and nomadic way of life of Mongolians. A Ger consists of felt covers, wooden columns, and a round window at the top, thin wooden poles and floor, wall (wooden lattice attached together with animal hide, ropes) and easy to collapse. Accordance with the nomadic lifestyle, gers are portable and they are easy to assemble or disassemble, that makes them the most convenient portable homes in the world.
Most of ger materials are made of animal felt- sheep wool, ropes- camel or
sheep wool, horse or yaks' tail, and of course wood.
Eighty-eight separate wooden poles each measuring around 1.5 meters are used for the ger frame, with just two central columns supporting the entire structure.
The structure of ger consists of several parts:
• Toono (roof) is the top part of the ger also the smoke hole
• Khana (walls) is divided into 4 to 12 sections depending on the ger size
• Uni (rafter) is the central support part which connects khana and toono
• Bagana (pillars) are the 2 supporting pieces of the toono
• Haalga (door) is always on the southern side facing the sun providing more natural light
• Shal (floor). In the early centuries there was no floor (It is said that Mongolians take energy from heaven and land)
Nowadays Mongolians use hand crafted felt rug, carpet or wood
• Urkh (felt cover of roof ring) is the sheet covering the toono
• Deever (roof) - After building the ger the felt roof is put on the uni
• Tuurga (wall cover) -Made by sheep wool