Turkish pavilion has been a part of this festival since 1994, bringing the authentic experience of the rich Turkish culture that is over 4000 years old.
At our pavilion, there are two tents for two aspects of our culture.
At the “Turkish Cuisine” tent you can find samples of our delicious and rich cuisine. In the “Turkish Bazaar”; you can find Turkish coffee, Turkish delight, silk scarves and many more!
While you are grabbing your food and learning about Turkish Cuisine, you can visit Turkish Bazaar.
In the 2019 Heritage Festival, Turkey was represented by the two new organizations; “The Canadian Young Turks Foundation” and “The Turkish Football Club”.
We are proud to represent our culture to Edmonton, and be a part of amazing Edmonton Heritage Celebration again in 2021.
Symbol of Turkish Hospitality
Kolonya (cologne) has been a treasured symbol of Turkish hospitality and health since the Ottoman Empire, and it’s often described as Turkey’s national scent.
Due to its refreshing property, kolonya is offered to house guests and used as a fragrance. However, it is also used to treat dizziness, fainting, and headaches, as well as to clean or disinfect due to its anti-bacterial effect.
The good news is kolonya is effective at protecting against the coronavirus because when it contains at least 60% alcohol, it breaks down the virus’s hard shell.
Although kolonya is difficult to find outside of Turkey, we made it available to you in 2019 at the Festival. Due to this popularity, you will be able to purchase Kolonya at the Turkey Pavilion at the 2021 Heritage Celebration as well.
This year you can buy kolonya at the Turkey Pavilion
Here's a current BBC story on kolonya.
The Grand Bazaar
The Grand Bazaar (Turkish: Kapalıçarşı, meaning ‘Covered Market’; also Büyük Çarşı, meaning ‘Grand Market ) in Istanbul is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and over 4,000 shops on a total area of 30,700 m, attracting between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily.
In 2014, it was listed No.1 among the world's most-visited tourist attractions with 91,250,000 annual visitors. The Grand Bazaar at Istanbul is often regarded as one of the first shopping malls of the world.
The construction of the future Grand Bazaar's core started during the winter of 1455/56, shortly after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople and was part of a broader initiative to stimulate economic prosperity in Istanbul.
KARAGÖZ and HACIVAT
Karagöz and Hacivat are the lead characters of the traditional Turkish Shadow Theatre, popularized during the Ottoman period and then spread to most nation states that comprised the Ottoman Empire and most prominently in Turkey
When the plays were first performed is unclear. Some believe that the first Karagöz–Hacivat play was performed for Sultan Selim I (reigned 1512–1520) in Egypt after his conquest of the country in 1517, but 17th century writer Evliya Çelebi stated that it had been performed in the Ottoman palace as early as the reign of Bayezid I (reigned 1389–1402
Karagöz had been very popular and was most frequently performed in coffeehouses. The month of Ramadan saw many performances of Karagöz plays. After a day of fasting, crowds would wander the streets and celebrate, eating, drinking, dancing, watching street performers, and going into the coffeehouses to see Karagöz plays that drew large crowds
The puppets themselves have jointed limbs and are made from the hide of a camel or a water buffalo. The hide is worked until it is semi-transparent; then it is colored, resulting in colorful projections. The lamp for projection is known as a şem’a (literally "candle"), but is typically an oil lamp. Images are projected onto a white muslin screen known as the ayna ("mirror"). Projections is from the rear, so the audience does not see the puppeteer. Puppets are typically 35–40 centimeters in height.
GÖBEKLİTEPE ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE
“Zero Point in Time”: The oldest temple in the World that changed the history of humanity. Göbeklitepe shook the theory of the reason for shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a settled life
Göbeklitepe Archeological Site, located in Şanlıurfa City of Turkey, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List during the 42. Meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in July 2018.
With a history dating back 12.000 years, Göbeklitepe was built 4.600 years before the oldest cities of Mesopotamia, known as the cradle of civilizations; 6.600 years before Stonehenge of England and 7.100 years prior to the Pyramids in Egypt. Moreover, Göbeklitepe is 6.100 years ahead of the temple in Malta, recognized to be the oldest temple of the World.
Göbeklitepe is located 20 km from Şanlıurfa city center and close to Nevali Çori Neolithic Site, as well as Balıklıgöl, where Prophet Abraham was cast into fire by King Nimrod and God turned flames into water and woods into fish.
The excavations revealed that Göbeklitepe, regarded as “zero point in time” was established as a temple rather than a settlement. This outcome shook the foundation of history of humanity which was established on the basis of the shift from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a settled life. In other words, the fact that Göbeklitepe Neolithic Site served as a temple that congregated hunter-gatherers on religious occasions, refutes the globally accepted thesis that agriculture encouraged humans to establish settlements and to engage in developing arts and religion.
Being built during the Neolithic Period at a time when only simple hand tools were used, it is yet to be discovered how the two “T” shaped steles that weigh from 10 to 15 tons each were transported and erected at the center of the site. Moreover, the embossed figures of animals and plants on the steles are regarded as the first examples of sculpture in the world.
Why Göbeklitepe was buried under tons of soil and flint stone around 1.000 years after it was built and how it remained well preserved and undamaged are among the unknown facts to be unveiled.
Though 20 oval shaped structures have been spotted as a result of the surveillances conducted in Göbeklitepe site, which is of 300 meters in width, only six of them have been unearthed so far. Each of these structures have diameters ranging up to 30 meters and rising to 15 meters.
Besides shedding light on the history of humanity, Göbeklitepe is expected to create added value to the promotion of Şanlıurfa, known as the “City of Prophets”, and to encourage further archeological excavations in the region.
Behind the Scenes
Kanun is thought to trace its origins to Ancient Greece, developed by the Pythagoreans in the 6th century BC, however, it may have originated since Minaon or Mycenaean times between 3000 BC and 1600 BC.
The Kanun has undergone various changes since its invention. The strings used to be made of gut, but since the early 20th century nylon strings, which give a more powerful sound.
The Kanun player sits with his instrument on his knees, and with picks made of tortoise shell attached to rings on the forefinger of each hand. With the left hand he adjusts the pegs to the correct pitch, while playing the melody with his right.
The instrument is played with all the fingers, using a technique comparable to that of the harp and guitar. It is the instrument best adapted to polyphonic music and might be called the piano of Turkish music.
Baglama is sometimes referred to as the saz, although the term refers to a family of plucked string instruments long-necked lutes used in Ottoman classical and Turkish Folk music, the terms are interchangeable.
A Baglama has three main parts, the bowl (called the tekne), made from mulberry wood or juniper, beech, spruce, or walnut, the spruce soundboard (gogus) and a neck of beech or juniper (sap). The tuning pegs are known as burgu (literally screw). Frets are tied to the sap with a fishing line, which allows them to be adjusted. The Baglama is usually played with a mizrap or tezene (similar to a guitar pick) made from cherrywood bark of plastic. In some regions, it is played with the fingers in a style known as Selpe or Serpe.